Image Hosted by ImageShack.us CENGİZ DAMAR'IN YENİ KİTABI ÇIKTI KİTAPÇILARDA

14 Kasım 2014 Cuma

Almanca Türkçe Meslekler

Almanca Türkçe Meslekler


Almanca Türkçe Meslekler

Anaokulu öğretmeni=Kindergärtne rin
Avukat = der Rechtsanwalt
Aşçı = der Koch
Aşçı başı = der Küchenchef
Bahçıvan = der Gartner
Belediye başkanı = der Bürgermeister
Berber = der Friseur
Bakan = der Minister
Balıkçı = der Fischer
Bankacı = der Bankbeamte
Baytar = der Veterinär
Başbakan = der Ministerpräsident
Bulaşıkçı = der Geschirrwäscher
Cumhurbaşkanı = der Staatspräsident
Çiçekçi = der Blumenverkäufer
Çiftçi = der Bauer,Landwirt
Doktor = der Arzt
Duvarcı=Maurer
Dişçi=der Zahnarzt
Emekli = der Pensionär,der Rentner
Eskici = der Trödler
Elektrikçi = der Elektriker
Eczacı = der Apotheker
Fotoğrafçı = der Photograph
Fırıncı = der Bäcker
Gemici = der Seemann
Garson =Kellner
Güvenlik = die Sicherheit
Gözlükcü=Optiker
Hemşire = die Krankenschwester
Heykeltraş = der Bildhauer
Hakim = der Richter
İşçi = der Arbeiter
İssiz = arbeitslos
Jandarma = die Gendarmerie
Kapıcı = die Pförtner
Kamyon soforü= Kraftfahrer
Kitapçı = der Buchhändler
Kuaför = der friseur
Madenci = der Bergmann
Müdür = der Direktor
Memur,İşçi ,Çalışan =die Angestellte
Milletvekili = der Abgeordnete
Marangoz = der Schreiner
Muhasebeci = der Buchhalter
Mekanikci=Mechaniker
Müzisyen=Musiker
Mümessil = der Vertreter
Nakliyeci = der Transporter der Speditioner
Noter=Notar
Öğrenci = der Schüler
Öğretmen=Lehrer
Patron = der Arbeitgeber
Polis = die Polizei
Postacı = der Briefträger
Politikacı= der Politiker
Rehber =der Reiseleiter
Ressam,Boyacı =Maler
Savcı = der Staatsanwalt
Satıcı = der Verkäufer
Saatçi = der Uhrmacher
Sanatçı= Künstler
Sorumlu = verantwortlich
Sekreter = der Sekretär
Şoför = der Fahrer
Şef = der Führe
Tamirci = der Reparateur
Tesisatçı = der Installateur
Terzi = der Schneider
Tiyatrocu = der Theaterspieler
Tercüman = der Dolmetscher
Temizlik işçisi = der Strass
Temizlikçi kadın = a Putzfrau
Tüccar=Kaufmann
Yarışçı = der Rennfahrer der Konkurrent
Yazar = der Schriftsteller

3 Kasım 2014 Pazartesi

8. SINIF BODY CARE KONU ANLATIMI

8. SINIF UNIT 3 BODY CARE KONU ANLATIMI

8. SINIF  UNIT 3 BODY CARE KONU ANLATIMI
Giving information about personal outlook and body care 
(Dış görünüm ve vücut bakımı ile ilgili bilgi verme)
Bu ünitemizde shuold ve too-enough konuları yer almaktadır.
Konuyu daha rahat anlayabilmek için öncelikle kelimeler:

appearance:dış gürünüş
personality:kişilik
body care: vücut bakımı
pretty: sevimli
bored: sıkılmış
excited: heyecanlı
talkative: konuşkan
hair care: saç bakımı
hand care:el bakımı
body care products: vücut bakım ürünleri
comb :tarak
shampoo: şampuan
nail clipper: tırnak makası
acne : sivilce
soap:sabun
emotion :duygu
get rid of :kurtulmak
smooth: düz-pürüzsüz
make up: makyaj
scrub:kaşımak
Adult: yetişkin
Affect: etkilemek
Behaviour: davranış
Cause: sebep
Deep:derin
Good looking: iyi görünüş
Haircut: saç kesimi
Hairdresser’s: berber
Herself: kendisi(kadın için)
Himself: kendisi(erkek için)
Image: imaj
Impression: etki-izlenim
Itself: kendisi(varlık için)
JUNK FOOD: abur cubur
Loose: gevşek
Mirror: ayna
Myself: kendim
Ourselves: kendimiz
Overweight: aşırı kilolu
Popularity: rağbette olma
Put on weight: kilo alma
Result: sonuç
Shopping mall: alışveriş mağazası
Skin: deri- cilt
Teenage: 13-19 yaş arası çocuk
Themselves: kendileri
Tight: sıkı dar
Top: zirve
Warn: uyarmak
Yourself: kendin
Yourselves: kendiniz
perfume: parfüm
SHOULD
- Tavsiye gerektiren durumlarda karşımızdaki kişiye söylememiz gereken şeyleri
”Should” ile ifade ederiz. Bu
yapıdan sonra fiilin birinci hali kullanılır.
- Eğer olumsuz anlamda bir öğüt veriyorsak ”should not” yani kısaltılmış hali
ile ”should’nt” yapısını
kullanılırız.
- Türkçe’ye -meli, -mesi gerek biçiminde çevrilmesine rağmen zorunluluk
göstermez.
- Bu yapıdan sonra gelen fiil hiç bir ek almaz olduğu gibi 1.halinde
kullanılır. 
- Karşımızdaki kişiye tavsiyede bulunduğumuz durumlardan birisi de hasta olma
durumlarıdır. Mesela karşımızdakini hasta görüyorsak doktora gitmesini
konusunda tavsiyede bulunuruz. Ya da yapmaması gereken bir şey varsa
”Sholdn’t” yapisini kullanarak tavsiye veririz.
- You look bad. You should see a doctor.
(Kötü görünüyosun. Doktora gitmelisin.)
İngilizce’de çok ve yeterince anlamına gelen kelimeler sırasıyla too ve enough kelimeleridir.
TOO + ADJECTİVE (SIFAT)
Olumsuz cümlelerde kullanılır ve aşırı anlamı katar.Sıfatlardan önce
kullanılır.
This body care products is too expensive to buy.
(Bu vücut bakım ürünü satın almak için aşırı pahalı)
ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH + TO
Enough olumlu, olumsuz ve soru cümlelerinde kullanılabilir.Cümleye yeterince
anlamı katar.Too’dan farklı olarak enough sıfatlardan sonra kullanılır.Eğer bir
isimle kullanılıyorsa isimden önce gelir.
I don’t have enough money.(Yeterince param yok)
This body care products is cheap enough to buy.
(Bu vücut bakım ürünü satın almak için yeterince ucuz)
Son olarak biraz örnek vereceğim ama Türkçe anlamlarını yazmayacağım kendiniz
çevirmenizi istiyorum.
You should use a perfume.You smell very bad after doing exercise.
I’m too short to play in a basketball team.That is why I hate basketball.

AKDENİZ İKLİMİ ÖZELLİKLERİ NERELERDE GÖRÜLÜR


Bu iklim esas Akdeniz Bölgemiz kıyıları boyunca görülür. 
Yüzey şekillerinin uzanış yönü nedeniyle Akdeniz kıyılarında dar, 
Ege kıyılarında daha geniş alanlarda etkilidir. 
Marmara denizi çevresine de sokulur. 
Ayrıca Güneydoğu Anadolu'nun Akdeniz'e yakın batı kesiminde de bazı değişikliklere uğrayarak etkili olur. 
Bu iklimin kıyı dağlarının aşağı yamaçlarında yaklaşık 700-800 m. yükseltiye kadar etkili olduğu görülür. 
Akdeniz ikliminin özellikleri
* Yıllık ortalama sıcaklık 15 - 18°e civarındadır. 
* Temmuz ayı ortalama sıcaklığı 25°e'yi geçer. 
* Ocak ayı ortalama sıcaklığı, güneyde 100e, Ege kıyılarında 7 - 8°e civarındadır. 
* Yazın güneyden gelen çöl ikliminin etkisinde kaldığından, yağış oluşmaz. 
* Yağışların yaklaşık yarısı kışın, cephesel etkiye bağlı olarak Kasım - Nisan ayları arasında düşmektedir. (1000 mm) 
* Kıyıya paralel uzanan dağlar, nemli havanın kışın kıyıda yığılmasına yol açarak, kış yağışlarının uzun sürmesine neden olur. 

Akdeniz İkliminin Doğal Bitki Örtüsü

Kısa, bodur ağaç ve çalılardır. Bu bitki örtüsüne maki adı verilir. Yaz kuraklığına uyum sağladığından yaprakları genellikle sert, tüylü, ince ve uzundur.
Zeytin, defne, keçiboynuzu, mersin, lavanta, kekik ve zakkum maki bitki topluluğu içinde yer alır.

Akdeniz İkliminin Görüldüğü Yerler
Akdeniz çevresindeki ülkelerde,
Güney Portekiz kıyılarında,
Afrika’da Kap Bölgesi’nde,
Güneybatı Avustralya kıyılarında,
Orta Şili’de,
Kuzey Amerika’da Kaliforniya yöresinde,
Güney Afrika Cumhuriyeti’nin Güney kıyılarında görülür.

İNGİLİZCE TÜRKÇE MEYVE VE ZEBZE İSİMLERİ


Meyveler
Ananas pineapple
Armut pear
Avakado avocado
Ayva quince
Bamya okra
Biber pepper
Ceviz walnut
Çilek strawberry
Domates tomato
Dut mulberry
Elma apple
Enginar artichoke
Erik plum
Fasulye bean
Fındık hazeknut
Greyfurt grapefruit
Havuç carrot
Hindistan Cevizi coconut
Kabak pumpkin
Karpuz watermelon
Kavun melon
Kayısı Apricot
Kestane chestnut
Kiraz cherry
Kivi kiwi
Lahana cabbage
Mandalina mandarin
Mantar mushroom
Marul lettuce
Maydanoz parsley
Muz banana
Nar pomegranate
Pancar beet
Patates potato
Patlıcan eggplant
Portakal orange
Salatalık cucumber
Soğan onion
Şeftali Peach
Turp radish
Üzüm grape
Vişne Black Cherry
Zerdali apricot

TÜRKİYENİN DENİZLERİNİN İNGİLİZCE TANITIMI


Seas of Turkey

Black Sea

Black Sea (Karadeniz in Turkish) lies to the north of Turkey, bordering with two regions; Marmara and Black Sea. Besides Turkey, other countries that circle the Black Sea are; Bulgaria, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia. It’s connected to the Sea of Marmara with the Bosphorus Strait in the southwest. Some of the important ports on the Black Sea are; Istanbul, Trabzon, Samsun, Sinop, Burgas, Varna, Constanza, Yalta, Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch, Novorossiysk, Sochi, Sukhumi, Poti, and Batumi.
Black Sea is an inland sea covering an area of about 420 thousand square kilometers reaching at 2206 meters in its deepest point. Below 200 meters the oxygen level in the water is very low so marine life is very limited below this depth. Most known fish they catch in the Black Sea are; Black Sea turbot, gurnard, and small sharks.
Its waters are warm in the summer, very cold in the winter. Its salinity is around 0,18% because of a constant inflow of fresh water from rivers surrounding it, the excess water flows on the surface through the Bosphorus meanwhile the warm and salty waters of the Mediterranean reach the Black Sea with deep water currents, maintaining the stratification and salinity levels. The most important rivers flowing into the Black Sea are Danube from north east, Kizilirmak, Sakarya and Yesilirmak from Anatolia in the south.
Black Sea is one of the youngest seas on the Earth, its used to be a big fresh water lake some 8000 years ago. The name is probably derived from the color of its deep waters.


Sea of Marmara

Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi in Turkish) is an inland sea within the Marmara region connecting to the Black Sea with the Bosphorus Strait in the northeast, and to the Aegean with the Dardanelles Strait in the southwest. It lies between Thrace and Anatolia parts of Turkey, covering an area of over 11thousand square kilometers. It is approximately 280 km long from northeast to southwest and about 80 km wide at its greatest width. Its maximum depth reaches 1355 meters near the center.
There are many marble sources on its islands which gave its name to the Sea; marble is Marmaros in Greek and Mermer in Turkish. Some of the main islands in the Sea of Marmara are; Avsa, Marmara, Imrali, and Princes Islands near Istanbul (Buyukada, Heybeli, Burgaz, Kinali, and Sedef).
The salinity level is little bit over that of the Black Sea, but much less than the oceans. However, sea-bottom waters are much more saline almost as of the Mediterranean, but like in the Black Sea these two layers do not get combined.

Aegean Sea

Aegean Sea (Ege Denizi in Turkish) is a part of Mediterranean Sea lying between Turkey and Greece. There is Mediterranean Sea to the south, Greek Peninsula to the west, Anatolia and part of Thrace to the east. It’s connected to the Sea of Marmara by Dardanelles Strait to the northeast. It covers an area of 214thousand square kilometers, stretching for about 660 kilometers from north to south, and reaching at a maximum depth of 3543 meters. Tides are very limited in the Aegean Sea.
Aegean Sea gave its name to the Aegean region and shows a typical Mediterranean climate characteristics; summers are dry and winters are rainy but not much cold. The water temperature during summer months reaches 23-24 degrees Celsius, and usually northern part of the Sea is a little bit cooler than its southern part. In contrary, northern part is abundant about the fish than its southern part.
There were many ancient civilizations who settled on its shores in the past, such as Minoans, Mycenaean, Trojans, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Ottomans and so on. It’s said that its name is coming either from Aegea, an Amazonian queen who died in the sea, or from Aegeus, the father of Theseus, who drowned himself in the sea.
There are approximately 3000 big and small islands in the Aegean Sea, most of them belong to Greece today. Some of the most famous Greek islands in the Aegean are; Crete, Rhodes, Lesbos, Chios, Santorini, Mykonos, Patmos, Delos, Paros, Kos, Symi, Samos and so on. Turkey has very few small islands and only two mid-size islands in front of the Dardanelles; Bozcaada and Gokceada. Because of this high concentration of islands and rockies, there are also many gulfs and bays in the Aegean which attracts many people for sailing in this crystal clear waters.
Aegean Sea and some of the Aegean islands brought several controversial issues between Turkey and Greece, both NATO countries, regarding mostly sovereignty and related rights in the area. Relations between Turkey and Greece were very sour between 1970′s and mid 1990′s because of these disputes on territorial waters, national airspace and FIR lines, military flights, demilitarization of some of the islands, and islets that had an unknown status of sovereignty. But in the last 10 years both countries are working hard to improve bilateral relations reducing tensions and holding diplomatic lines always open.


Mediterranean Sea

Mediterranean Sea (Akdeniz in Turkish) is surrounded by Asia to the east, Europe to the north and Africa to the south. It’s connected to the Atlantic Ocean to the west with Gibraltar Strait. It’s also connected to the Red Sea in the southeast with the Suez Canal in Egypt, a man-made canal built in 1869. And to the east it’s connected to the Sea of Marmara by Dardanelles Strait. Aegean and Marmara Seas are often considered as a part of the Mediterranean Sea. The sea gave also its name to the Mediterranean region of Turkey.
Mediterranean covers about 2,5million square kilometers, its shores were home to many ancient civilizations in the history, such as Phoenicians, Egyptians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Lycians, Arabs, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Ottomans and so on. The name comes from Latin; Medi means middle, Terra means land or place. The Romans called it Mare Nostrum, Our Sea. In Turkish it’s called Akdeniz, White Sea.
There aren’t much tides in the Mediterranean because of its narrow connection with the Atlantic. The average depth is about 1500 meters and the deepest point reaches at 5267 meters. The coastline is approximately 46,000 kilometers long.
Countries that border with the Mediterranean are;
In Europe, from west to east; Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Albania, Greece, and European shores of Turkey.
In Asia, from north to south; Asian shores of Turkey, Syria, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, and Egypt.
In Africa, from east to west; Egypt, Libya, Tunis, Algeria, and Morocco.
Biggest islands in the Mediterranean are; Cyprus, Crete, Rhodes, Lesbos, Chios, Corfu in the eastern Mediterranean; Sardegna, Corsica, Sicily, Malta in the central Mediterranean; Ibiza, Majorca, Minorca in the western Mediterranean.

KÖPEĞİN İNGİLİZCE TANITIMI HAYATI

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spotted fur. It has large ears  sharp eyes  and a keen sense of smell. Adults weigh 45-80 pounds (20-36 kg) and are 30-38 inches (76-112 cm) long. They have a life span of about 11 years.
Hunting and Diet: These wild dogs hunt in packs of 10 to 20 dogs  mostly males. Before the hunt  a pack will make excited sounds and lick each other’s faces. These carnivores (meat-eaters) can run down and kill even large mammals like wildebeest and antelopes. They swallow meat in large chunks. When these wild dogs return to their group  they regurgitate food for young pups and dogs that were not in the hunt. They do not scavenge at all.

HACIVAT VE KARAGÖZÜN İNGİLİZCE KARAKTER TANITIMI



 
It is always doubtful whether Karagoz and Hacivat ever really existed and, as we have already seen, there are many legends about this. Karagoz was supposed by some to be a gypsy and there are many allusions and much evidence in the plays to support this theory. Karagoz has a round face, his eye is boldly designed with a large black pupil, hence his name -Black Eye-. He has a pug nose and around thick curly black beard. His head, completely bald, sports an enormous turban which, when knocked off, suddenly expose his bald head which always provokes laughter. In all dialogue between Karagoz and Hacivat, we find Hacivat always uses flowing language full of prose rime while Karagoz uses the language of the common people. His promptness with repartee procured for him his fame and reputation. This contrasts artificiality with simplicity and is the first satire to attain these differences. This contrasting language is also noticeable in Hacivat,s erudition. He can recite famou s poems, has a vast knowledge of music, is conversant with the names of various rare spices, the terminology of gardening, many varied encyclopedic extracts, and with the etiquette of the aristocracy. This however is superficial and gives him only a scholastic type of making a living for himself and his family. Because he has no trade, he is usually unemployed and fails to provide for his family, and has enough sense to realize that to rectify this, he does not need Hacivat,s superficial knowledge. Though he is stupid and easily taken in, he is constantly able to deceive Hacivat and others.
Hacivat is reflective character with a pointed turned-up beard. Each movement is well calculated and worked out before hand. Karagoz, on the contrary is impulsive and his character is shown by his speech and behaviour. Hacivat,s reasoning limits his actions. Even though while on the screen, he makes few gestures with hands, Karagoz is the more dynamic and energetic. Where Hacivat is always ready to accept the situation and maintain the status quo and establishment, Karagoz is always eager to try out new ideas and constantly misbehaves himself.
Hacivat is always bound by the moral principles of the upper class and can easily adapt himself to these principles. He sometimes becomes instrumental in providing pleasure for the upper classes and is always worried that Karagoz,s tactlessness will spoil these pleasures. Karagoz, the traditional symbol of the -little man- , on the other hand, finds that his tactless behaviour generally upsets most intrigues. Hacivat also serves as a foil to each character, underlining their helplessness and distress. Most of these lesser characters depend upon the machination of Hacivat to provide either the needed money, job or house. He is loquacious, credulous and good natured. Usually Hacivat offers useful advice to others, aiding them in their schemes. Because of his knowledge of etiquette and language and his opportunism, he is a most desirable, like able character in the neighbourhood. He is not only the local headman but is looked upon as counsellor, especially by the neighbourhood spendthrift. When he partners Karagoz in various undertakings, he prefers merely to find the clients and share the profit. Conversely Karagoz is not respected. He is always insulted by the dandies, is a target for the anger of the opium addict a victim of the village idiot,s practical jokes and the threats of the neighbourhood drunkards.
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